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Rabbits can be frustrating in the spring. After all your hard work and money, rabbits seem to always find their way into your garden or landscaping. So, here are some ways that you can keep rabbits out of your gardens and away from your plants.
Building a small fence out of chicken wire or flexible netting is worth a shot, even if it is not the prettiest. It is recommended that the fence is at least 2 feet tall and buried 4-8" into the ground. A good rule of thumb is to use a fence that has openings no wider than one inch.
There are numerous odor repellents available... Some work well, while others do not. To spray on plants or as a barrier around the yard, we like Liquid Fence or I Must Garden. Predator urine is also very effective...and no, we don't know how it's obtained, and we don't want to know!
Rabbits typically feed in the early morning and late evening, so now is a good time to let the dog out. Animal urine is also a good deterrent.
There are no plants that are "rabbit proof." Hungry rabbits will eat almost anything, and most plants are vulnerable when they are young. However, some plants are generally avoided by rabbits.
They dislike aromatic plants, plants with prickles and spines, and plants with tough, leathery leaves.
The following plants are well worth experimenting with:
Butterfly gardening is the practice of planning your garden in order to attract, retain, and encourage butterfly populations. When butterflies enter a garden, they are looking for two things: nectar (the food that adult butterflies require) and host plants (the place where the female will lay her eggs and the food that caterpillars require). Both are required for a successful butterfly garden.
Plants that produce nectar: Nectar plants produce the sweet fluid that many insects, including butterflies, feed on. Butterflies appear to prefer gardens with large masses of a single color or colors that are closely related, rather than gardens with many colors mixed together. This does not imply that you must use only one color of flower; simply mass your flowers together in large groupings. Most butterflies must land to collect nectar. They favor plants with clusters of short tubular flowers, such as Lantana, or flowers with large, flat petals, such as Coneflowers. Butterflies are active from early spring to frost, so having a variety of plants in your garden that bloom throughout the season will attract them all season.
Host Plants: Because tiny caterpillars can't travel far for food, the female butterfly only lays her eggs on plants that caterpillars will eat. The majority of caterpillar species are picky about the plants they eat. Many native trees and other plants found in and around our yards serve as caterpillar host plants. There are, however, many plants that can be included in a garden that are excellent hosts. Many gardeners despise seeing plants that have been chewed on. Don't be concerned! There will be fewer butterflies if you do not provide host plants.
Design and location: Both butterflies and the plants they prefer prefer bright, sunny locations that are protected from strong winds. Look for areas in your yard that get at least six hours of sun per day; morning to mid-afternoon seems to be the best time. You can also plant separate areas throughout the landscape if your yard is not too large. Include some containers on your deck or patio as well.
Special touches: Incorporate some flat rocks into your garden. Butterflies must warm their bodies before becoming active on cool mornings. They will do this by sitting on a reflective surface, such as a flat rock, and spreading their wings to absorb the sun's warmth.
Create a "puddling" area: Butterflies frequently congregate in groups on wet sand or mud, and they appear to be eating. They certainly are. This is referred to as puddling. In your garden, make this by placing a shallow pan in the soil, filling it with coarse sand, and keeping it moist. To one gallon of sand, add one-half cup of salt, mix well, and moisten.
Don't forget about the water: Butterflies, too, require hydration. You can use a pebble-filled old saucer. Simply place some of the pebbles above the water level so they have somewhere to land.
Insecticides are lethal to butterflies and caterpillars! If a pest problem arises in your butterfly garden, try using biological controls as a first line of defense, such as ladybugs or praying mantis. These are frequently already present. If pests like aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs, or spider mites become a problem, try using insecticidal soap or horticultural oil applied only to the pest-infested areas of the plant. Avoid using widely used applications.
Yes, you will have bees as well! Don't worry, you can't have one without the other. They don't care about you unless you coat yourself in honey. They are responsible for pollinating all of the flowers. They will leave you alone if you leave them alone.
Natural wildlife habitats are being destroyed as a result of residential and commercial development. We encourage the establishment of butterfly populations that return year after year by selecting specific plants for adult and larval feeding. Your efforts in managing your garden will ensure the presence of butterflies and the sharing of your personal backyard Eden with these lovely, soaring insects. Experiment with different plants and have fun! Here are some examples:
Tips To Create a Deer Resistant Garden in Lincoln, NE
TIPS TO CREATE A DEER RESISTANT GARDEN IN LINCOLN, NE
Deer are frequently the cause of damage to a home's garden, trees, and ornamental shrubs. This damage has become more common as the deer population has increased, real estate development has increased, and the human population has shifted from cities to suburbs. The automobile appears to be their only predator! Sure, deer are lovely to look at. They are beautiful animals, especially in your neighbor's yard. The deer are not maliciously destroying your landscape. They're just trying to stay alive. An adult deer consumes 6-10 pounds of vegetation per day.
Can you completely resolve the issue? No, not entirely. There is no plant that is "deer proof." There are numerous strategies for successfully controlling the damage caused by deer. Because other animals can cause damage, the first step is to assess the crime scene in order to identify the perpetrators. Deer tracks, which are about 3" long, are a good indicator. Bambi was most likely present if your grass has a tamped-down, swirled section. Finally, the type of damage can indicate whether or not deer are to blame. Because deer lack upper incisors, they tear their food away, leaving ripped leaves and jagged stems. Rabbits will be considerate and give you a nice, clean cut!
So, what do you do now? It is, in fact, quite simple. Remove their favorite plants (tulips, hosta, and daylilies seem to be like candy to them) and replace them with plants they dislike. They will leave if there is nothing good to eat. Having said that, deer tastes are very similar to human tastes. It varies according to location, season, species, and even individual deer. In other words, some people enjoy cauliflower while others do not.
Deer appear to avoid certain plant textures, so look for fuzzy leaves, rough or tough leaves, or leaves with a strong aroma. Any tender, succulent plant can attract deer, especially early in the season when green vegetation is scarce in their natural habitat. Although no plant can be guaranteed to be resistant to deer browsing, the following should be avoided.
Trees and shrubs are susceptible to damage in harsh winters. If there is snow cover, deer can and will strip the bark off many trees and shrubs. Wrap the trunks of trees and cover shrubs with burlap, if necessary. Also, experiment with some of the many repellant sprays available.
ATTRACT BEAUTIFUL HUMMINGBIRDS TO YOUR LANDSCAPE THIS SEASON
Hummingbirds are attracted to a variety of feeders with the right type and amount of food. To make your backyard more attractive to hummingbirds, you can place several different types of feeders in various spots around your yard.
Hummingbird feeders come in all shapes and sizes, including hanging, window-mounted, and even upside-down versions. No matter which type you choose, make sure to fill it with nectar or a sugar-water solution (4 parts water to 1 part sugar).
Do NOT Use Food Coloring of Any Kind... and NEVER Use Honey!
Additionally, adding colorful flowers and plants to your yard can help to attract hummingbirds. To do this, you should look for flowers with bright red or orange petals, as well as plants like azaleas and hibiscus which produce the nectar that hummingbirds love. Planting native species is also a great way to bring in local hummingbird populations, as they are already adapted to the area.
To give them a place to rest, hang a hummingbird feeder near shrubs or trees and provide plenty of perching spots for them to use. Placing your feeder in a sheltered spot like an overhang or an alcove will also help keep it out of direct sunlight and protect the nectar from overheating.
Additionally, you can also hang sparkly objects like ribbons or jewelry near your feeder to attract hummingbirds’ curiosity.
Finally, be sure to keep the nectar fresh and clean – hummingbirds are very particular about their food! Change nectar out weekly! Do not worry about leaving your feeders out in fall. They migrate on changing day length, not on availability of food.
With these simple steps, you'll soon be hearing the pleasant hum of hummingbirds!
Quick List of Common Garden Pests & How to Control Them
COMMON INVASIVE GARDEN PESTS: HOW TO IDENTIFY & CONTROL
When you spend so much time, money and effort on creating your perfect outdoor oasis, you want to invite your friends and family over to show off the accomplishment and create a fun environment. However some common Nebraska pests like to invite themselves and overstay their welcome. Our plant and landscaping experts want to provide this guide as a quick reference to identifying these intruders so that you can get us over to analyze, treat and manage the issues before these pests cause serious damage. If you feel you have any of the following hanging around your property, please contact our landscaping pros today by clicking this link
Emerald Ash Borer
Treating an emerald ash borer infestation can be done through a variety of methods. One of the most effective treatments is to use chemical insecticides, which are injected directly into the trunk of the tree or applied as a soil drench around its base. Insecticidal sprays can also be used on the foliage, although this method is not as effective. Biological insecticides, such as bacterial products, can also be used to control emerald ash borer populations, although their effectiveness may vary. Physical removal of infested trees is another possible treatment strategy; however, this should only be done by a certified arborist or other qualified professional. Finally, preventive measures like using resistant varieties of ash trees or implementing a regular program of monitoring for emerald ash borer infestations can help to reduce the need for treatment. With early detection and proper management, it is possible to protect ash trees from emerald ash borer attack.
It is also important to consider non-chemical treatments when controlling emerald ash borer. Biological control measures can be effective in containing the spread of emerald ash borer populations, and some communities have been successful in implementing integrated pest management programs that combine chemical treatments with other non-chemical strategies. Physical barriers like tree banding and/or trunk injections are also becoming increasingly popular as methods for managing emerald ash borer infestations.
Finally, it is important to remember that the best defense against emerald ash borer infestations is prevention. Early detection and removal of infected trees can help stop the spread of emerald ash borer before it becomes a serious problem in an area. It is also helpful to regularly inspect local areas for signs or symptoms of emerald ash borer infestations, and to practice proper sanitation methods that reduce the risk of introducing emerald ash borer larvae into new areas. Removing newly fallen trees or branches, avoiding movement of firewood from one location to another, and properly disposing of infected wood are all important steps toward preventing the spread of emerald ash borers.
In addition to prevention, there are several control methods used to treat emerald ash borer infestations. Chemical insecticides are commonly used and can provide protection for up to two years when properly applied. Biological control agents such as the parasitoid wasp, Spathius agrili, have also been released in some areas. This wasp lays its eggs inside emerald ash borer larvae, thus preventing them from maturing and laying their own eggs. Other methods of control include trunk injections, soil drenching treatments, and cutting down infected trees to prevent the spread of infestations.
No matter which method of control is chosen, it is important for homeowners to monitor the ash tree’s health and condition regularly. This includes inspecting for signs of emerald ash borer activity, such as woodpecker damage, bark splitting, galleries within the bark, and D-shaped exit holes in trees. If any of these signs are noticed, homeowners should take immediate action to prevent further infestation and spread of the emerald ash borer. In addition to preventive or control methods, homeowners should also consider planting a diverse array of trees in their yards. This will help reduce the risk of an entire tree population being affected by one pest species, such as the emerald ash borer. Further, it is important to properly maintain trees by providing appropriate pruning, mulching and fertilization.
If an infestation is found, homeowners should contact a professional tree care company or certified arborist for help in developing a treatment plan.
Bagworms can be controlled manually, chemically or biologically. Manual control involves handpicking the bags from plants and destroying them by crushing or burning. This technique is effective in controlling small infestations but may not be practical for large areas of infestation.
Chemical control involves the use of insecticides such as permethrin and spinosad, which should be applied when the larvae are actively feeding. The insecticides must be applied correctly and may need to be repeated several times for effective control. Biological control involves the introduction of natural enemies such as wasps, nematodes and fungi, which attack bagworms in their larval stage. These enemies can help reduce the bagworm population, but may not be effective in heavily infested areas. Cultural control involves removing potential breeding sites and pruning out infested branches or leaves to reduce the number of bagworms in an area. Pruning should be done slowly and methodically, as it may cause the worms to disperse into neighboring plants.
The best way to control bagworms is a combination of all these methods. Early detection and treatment can help reduce their numbers and prevent further damage. It is important to remember that even with the number of larvae present. It is important to dispose of all fallen foliage carefully as this is where many larvae overwinter.
If you are using pesticides be sure to follow all label directions and use protective gear such as gloves and a face mask when handling insecticides. Lastly, it is important to monitor the plants in your area for any signs of bagworm infestation so that you can take appropriate action. By taking these steps, you can help keep your plants healthy and free of bagworms.
Japanese Beetles are a destructive species of insect that can cause significant damage to plants and gardens. They were introduced from Japan to the United States in 1916, probably hidden in shipments of nursery stock. These beetles feed on over 300 varieties of plants and lay eggs in soil at the base of the host plant. The larvae then hatch, burrow into the soil and feed on plant roots for about 10 months before emerging as adults.
There are several different methods to help get rid of Japanese Beetles in your garden or lawn. Traps work by releasing a scent that attracts beetles, who enter a bag-like container with an exit barrier that they can’t escape from but sometimes can this method can be too effective in that they attract even more Japanese Beetles. Additionally, chemical insecticides can be used to target adult beetles as they feed on foliage or flowers. These insecticides are usually applied to the plants as a spray and are most effective in controlling small populations of Japanese Beetles.
It is important to note that when applying any kind of pesticide, appropriate safety precautions should be taken. Some of the most well-known insecticides used to control Japanese Beetles are carbaryl, permethrin, and imidacloprid. Carbaryl is a broad-spectrum insecticide that targets contact and ingestion by insects. It is often found in garden centers as “Sevin” brand insecticide.
Permethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid that acts as an insecticide, repellent and growth regulator. Imidacloprid is a neonicotinoid, meaning it works by disrupting the nervous system of insects. Neonicotinoids are effective against chewing and sucking insects.
When applying any kind of pesticide, it is important to read and follow the labeled directions carefully. This includes the type of pest, amount of product to be applied, when to apply, and protective clothing that should be worn. Application rate is just as important as timing; applying too much can result in over-treatment or damage to plants. In addition, it is also important to remember not to treat areas near ponds, streams, or other water sources.
It is best to apply an insecticide early in the season before Japanese beetles lay their eggs and larvae begin to feed on plants. This will help reduce their population before they cause large-scale damage. If a severe infestation has already occurred, then multiple applications may be necessary
Article Help Courtesy of UNL- Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources
Planting & Soil Tips 101: Beginners Guide to Growing the Best Garden
PLANTING & SOIL TIPS 101: BEGINNER'S GUIDE TO GROWING THE BEST GARDEN
(It ALL Starts in the Dirt!!)
Fertilizing Trees & Shrubs
Fertilizer is frequently applied to shade and ornamental trees and shrubs. Fertilization can result in faster growth, faster recovery from injury, pruning, or pest problems, better health, and more vibrant foliage color. Trees grown in modified urban soils typically benefit more than those grown in good agricultural soils; therefore, if you live in a developed area, a fertilizer program for your trees is likely to pay big dividends.
Fertilizers are most effective when applied during the dormant season (usually November through April). The following best time is in the spring and early summer (May through July). Fertilize only between July and November.
In their first growing season, newly planted trees are not routinely fertilized. An exception is the use of a low-analysis starter solution. After the first year, granular fertilizer can be easily applied through holes distributed throughout the root zone. The holes can be made with a soil auger, punch bar, soil probe, or large drill bit. A 1.5-2.5" diameter hole is ideal.
The drip line should be the starting point for the first row of holes. The holes should be 10-12" deep, 2' apart, and slanted slightly toward the tree trunk. The 2 foot row spacing should be maintained in subsequent rows. No holes should be dug closer to the trunk than 18-24" apart. If you hit a root while digging, remove the bit and dig to one side or the other.
Fertilizer rates are determined by measuring the diameter of the tree at 4.5' above ground. To calculate the correct amount of fertilizer, use the formulas below.
For trees with a trunk diameter of 6" or less - Per inch of trunk diameter, apply 1-2 pounds of 10-6-4, 10-20-0, 12-12-12, 6-10-4, or a similar low analysis fertilizer. (A 4" diameter tree, for example, will require 4-8 lbs. of 10-6-4 fertilizer.) Any complete fertilizer with a nitrogen content of 6-12% is acceptable. High levels of phosphorus and potassium are not required.
For trees larger than 6" in diameter - Per inch of trunk diameter, apply 3 pounds of 10-6-4 or a similar low analysis fertilizer. (For instance, an 8" diameter tree will require 24 lbs.
Distribute the required amount of fertilizer evenly among the holes, not exceeding 14-1/2 cup in each. Drill more holes if you have extra fertilizer. Fill the holes with water until they are completely full. After that, the holes can be filled with soil or a mixture of soil, sand, and peat moss.
Fertilizing pine, red cedar, spruce, and fir trees should be done sparingly. Unless the soil is too wet, these trees thrive in a wide range of Kansas soils. Even in poor soil conditions, adapted pine varieties and red cedar can be expected to thrive. If evergreen trees are fertilized, the recommended rate for deciduous shade and ornamental trees should not be exceeded.
Chemical fertilizers are rarely required for flowering or evergreen shrubs. Typically, these plants grow faster and larger than desired.
Additional soil nutrients will only exacerbate the situation. If soil tests or foliage-growth symptoms indicate that established shrubs require additional soil nutrients, apply up to 12 pounds of a low analysis fertilizer per foot of height or spread, whichever is greater.
A 6 foot wide spreading juniper, for example, may require up to 3 pounds of fertilizer, whereas a 4 foot high flowering shrub may require up to 2 pounds of fertilizer.
Spread the fertilizer evenly around the plant, covering the area beneath the branches, and then incorporate it into the soil. Water thoroughly afterwards. The fertilizer application schedule is the same as it is for shade and ornamental trees.
Water soluble fertilizers injected into the soil are an excellent way to fertilize trees. Most "injectors" attach to the garden hose and are simple to operate. Unlike dry fertilizers, their use does not necessitate the drilling of holes. There are also liquid "root feeders" for sale. Follow the manufacturer's instructions exactly.
What exactly is Myke?
Myke is a beneficial soil that attaches to plants and works to build a larger, more efficient root system, assisting the plant in finding more moisture and nutrients in the soil.
Why use it?
By applying the recommended amount of Myke when planting, we can extend our current one-year nursery warranty to five years. Warranty will be honored with a store credit equal to 12 the item's purchase price. Myke's name must appear on the plant's sales receipt.
Recommended amounts of Myke to use for certain sizes and products:
Trees and Shrubs
6-7” Container ½ Cup
8-10” Container 1 Cup
12-15” Container 2 Cups
1 Tbsp per bulb
6” Pot 3 Tbsp
8” Pot ¼ Cup
12” Pot ½ Cup
Less than 4” Hole 1 Tbsp
4” Hole 2 Tbsp
8” Hole ¼ Cup
12” Hole ½ Cup
Because the soil in our area is so densely packed with clay, it is best to follow these planting and watering guidelines:
1. Dig a hole that is at least 6-8 inches wider and slightly deeper than the container or root ball.
2. Fill the hole with enough soil amendments* so that when the tree is placed in the hole, the soil level in the pot or the top of the root ball is an inch or more above ground level. The soil should then be mounded and packed around the root ball. When planting burlap-wrapped trees, make sure to cut the twine and pull the burlap back into the hole.
Combine the following suggested changes: -half of the dirt from the hole -1/2 compost, for example, Cotton Boll Compost or Nature's Blend
3. Root Stimulator is recommended once a month from April to October, during the first two growing seasons. Use 1 gallon per 1 to 3 gallon plants, more for larger plants and trees.
4. Using a hose, trickle water around the plant's base. The stream should be the width of a pencil.
Water small plants (one gallon size) for 30 to 45 minutes. Trees with large root balls require one to two hours of watering. If one inch of rain does not fall each week, water regularly. A deep soak like the one described above once every 5-10 days (depending on the weather) should suffice. During the winter months, most plants require watering once a month on a warm day.
The key to growing plants that thrive is to improve the soil. We've all heard the saying "a $50 hole for a $5 plant," but the more you work the beds now, the better off you'll be later. You can't help but grow great, healthy plants if your soil is good!
For the purchase of new beds. We recommend using topsoil and compost in a 1:1 ratio. Cotton Boll is an excellent compost for our area because it incorporates air and microbes into the soil, which aids in the breakdown of clay soils.
The key to success is to water deeply and less frequently. Deep watering encourages healthy root growth, allowing plants to thrive even in drought conditions. Shallow watering on a regular basis can result in weak and leggy growth that is more susceptible to water stress, insects, and diseases. During the growing season, all trees and shrubs require 1 inch of water per week. For large trees and shrubs, a slow soak is best - a soaker ring or hose at the base works well. For large beds, a sprinkler works well; just make sure you're watering enough. A rain gauge in the bed is the best way to determine how long to leave the sprinkler on.
Mulch should truly be your garden's best friend. It not only looks nice, but proper mulching cools roots, prevents weeds, and retains moisture. There are many different types of mulching materials; each has advantages in different situations, but they all work the same way. The key to proper mulching is depth - 2 inches is required to block out the sunlight. Mulching too close to the base of small trees, shrubs, and large perennials can trap moisture and cause rotting. As an additional weed barrier, paper can be laid down beneath a thick layer of mulch, but avoid using plastic sheeting or weed mat.
A regular feeding schedule is the difference between a good plant and a great plant, regardless of the plant. Proper fertilization promotes lush, vigorous growth by strengthening the root system and increasing fruit and flower production. Water soluble fertilizers (the blue stuff) work quickly but quickly leach out. These are the best fertilizers for indoor plants. Slow release fertilizers, either synthetic or organic granular type foods, are our preferred option for outdoor potted plants, trees, shrubs, and perennials. Plant health is more than just the three major nutrients. Here are a few products used behind the scenes to achieve award-winning results.
Soil Acidifier Fertilome: This product, which contains zinc, sulfur, magnesium, copper, and iron, works wonders on potted annuals and other acid-loving plants.
Myke: Myke is a beneficial soil fungus that attaches to the roots of plants and travels in search of food, dragging the roots along with it. Myke significantly boosts root growth, reduces transplant shock, and reduces the effects of environmental stress.
Make sure to come meet with our professionals at Landmark!
Composting is a natural process that converts organic matter into nutrient-rich soil known as compost. It is the process of breaking down organic materials, such as kitchen scraps and yard waste, by mixing them together with oxygen to create rich compost that can be used in gardens or farms for plant nutrition and to improve soil texture. Composting helps to reduce waste and conserve resources, as it diverts materials that would otherwise end up in landfills or incinerators. Composting can also reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as the decomposition of organic matter produces methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Finally, composting also helps to create rich soil that improves plant health and yields by increasing water retention, improving the soil's ability to absorb nutrients, and providing a healthier habitat for beneficial microorganisms. With composting, gardeners and farmers can improve the health of their soils without relying on synthetic fertilizers or pesticides. Composting can be done at home or in community gardens, making it an accessible way to reduce the environmental impact of organic waste. It can also be beneficial for commercial-scale operations, as it reduces the amount of waste that needs to be transported offsite. Composting is a simple, effective way to reduce your carbon footprint and help create healthy, fertile soil.
Composting is a process of breaking down organic matter like food scraps and yard waste into a nutrient-rich soil amendment. This process of decay occurs naturally, but it can be sped up with the help of special composting techniques and tools. Composting breaks down organic matter through a combination of bacterial and fungal activity. The end result is an earthy mixture that can be used to fertilize plants or enrich the soil for gardening.
Composting has numerous environmental benefits. It reduces the amount of waste that would otherwise be sent to landfills and incinerators, where it can release harmful pollutants into the air or water supply. Composting also helps conserve resources by reducing the need for chemical fertilizers, which can be expensive and taxing on the environment. Additionally, the composting process captures and stores carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, reducing its concentration in the air.
Composting is relatively simple and can be done on both a small and large scale. For individuals or households, compost piles or compost bins can be set up in a backyard or garage. Composting can also take place on a larger, commercial scale. This kind of composting involves collecting organic material from the community and using specialized equipment to speed up the decomposition process. Once the compost is ready, it can be used as fertilizer for gardens and farms.
What can I compost?
Browns = High Carbon
Shredded stems and twigs
Greens = High Nitrogen
What not to compost:
Meats, fats, grease, oils, bones, diseased plants (never compost roses), colored paper, ashes (coal or charcoal), cat or dog waste, toxic materials, or inorganic materials
Water-Saving Techniques: Educating yourself on water-saving technologies and strategies for your own lawn or landscape will help conserve our natural resources while also saving you money. If you have an irrigation system, having it inspected by a Certified Landscape Irrigation Auditor will ensure maximum efficiency. More information is available on the Irrigation Association's website at www.irrigation.org. Knowing the different environmental and plant zones in your landscape will aid in providing proper water/usage requirements. Following the guidelines in the Right Plant/Right Place section will assist you in selecting and establishing plants that are suited to your region and yard. Plants that have been adapted will survive in your landscape with minimal inputs and supplemental irrigation, and they may even exist solely on rainfall.
Water deeply and sparingly: The key concept for all plant irrigation is "deeply and infrequently." This concept implies that you should irrigate with enough water today to replenish the moisture in the soil and then wait as many days as possible before irrigating again. The depth and frequency will be determined by the type of soil, slope, and environmental conditions. Nice black, loose, and loamy soils can hold more water and do not require as much irrigation as sandy or clay soils.
As the weather changes, so will the frequency. The intervals between irrigation events will be longer in the spring and fall, but shorter in the summer. Allowing it to dry between rain and irrigation events causes the roots to grow deeper, giving the plant a better chance of survival. If you water too frequently, the roots will remain short and in the top few inches of soil, making them easily stressed when temperatures rise and rain frequency decreases.
Cycle and soak: It can be difficult to apply the required amount of water all at once in heavy clay soils. For example, the area may require the sprinkler system to run for 45 minutes to achieve the desired amount of water, but after 15 minutes, the water begins to puddle and run off into the street. In this case, the soak-and-cycle method should be used. Using the soak-cycle approach, one would irrigate for 15 minutes, then wait 30-90 minutes for the water to soak into the soil, then irrigate for another 15 minutes, wait 30-90 minutes, and then apply the final 15 minutes.
Try not to water every day. Plant roots require air to breathe, and if the area is irrigated too frequently, the soil will become saturated, causing the plant roots to suffocate. Furthermore, overwatering keeps the soil surface and plant foliage wet, which exacerbates disease, insect, and weed problems.
Irrigate first thing in the morning: Irrigation is most effective early in the morning, just before dawn. Irrigating early in the morning will help maintain plant health while maximizing irrigation efficiency. If you water your plants in the afternoon or evening, the foliage will be more likely to stay moist all night until mid-morning the next day. Most fungal organisms require moisture to thrive and cause harm to our plants. The foliage is only wet for a few hours if water is applied only in the early morning.
Irrigating early in the morning maximizes irrigation efficiency by ensuring that the majority of the water reaches the intended plants and is not wasted. The wind is usually at its calmest just before sunrise. Temperatures are usually at their lowest near dawn. Irrigating during windy or hot weather causes more water to be blown offsite and/or evaporated before it reaches the plant. Furthermore, before the rest of the neighborhood wakes up, city water pressures are usually at their highest. Irrigating at this time will ensure that your system operates at peak efficiency.
Keep an eye on the weather: It is critical to use a rain gauge to adjust your irrigation so you know when and how much to water your lawn and garden. As a starting point, most lawns and gardens require 1 inch of water per week on average.
Consider installing a "Smart" irrigation controller if you have an in-ground irrigation system or plan to install one soon. Smart controllers gather environmental data from your yard to determine when and how much soil moisture, sunlight, rainfall, evapotranspiration, and wind speed occur. Installing and utilizing Smart irrigation controllers will ensure a healthy landscape while reducing water consumption by 20-40% per year.
Install a rain-shut-off sensor if you have an in-ground automatic irrigation system. This is a simple and low-cost device that turns off your irrigation system when it rains. Save your water and temporarily turn off the irrigation system while Mother Nature supplies the moisture. Installing a rain-shut-off sensor will lower your water bill and conserve water.
Automatic Timers for Hose-Bibs: Purchase and install hose-bib automatic timers if you use a hose to irrigate your lawn or gardens. These are mechanical or battery-powered devices that can be screwed onto your house's spigot to automatically control when and how long the water runs. These devices can be as simple as a 'egg-timer' dial, in which you turn on the water and turn the dial to the desired length of time before walking away. The water will be turned off at the specified time. More sophisticated battery-powered timers can be used to turn on and off the water at predetermined times of day.
Kill weeds: During the summer, this is a continuous process. Stop using weed killers 4 weeks before planting or seeding to avoid interfering with germination
Obtain a Soil Test: Most extension offices will test your soil and inform you of any problems or deficiencies in your yard. Have your soil tested every three years. DO NOT ADD ANYTHING TO YOUR YARD, INCLUDING LIME, WITHOUT FIRST CONSIDERING A SOIL TEST.
Measure the Area: You won't know how much seed to buy unless you know how much ground you're covering.
Take note of the sunlight: The amount of sunlight you receive will influence the type of seed you should buy and plant.
Spray Earth-Right: Earth-Right helps to aerate and loosen compacted soil.
Typically, September is the best month for seeding. The air temperature is cool, but the soil temperature remains warm, ensuring good germination. After September, you can still seed, but you never know when the weather will change. Also, if you're seeding under trees, you'll want to get the grass established before the leaves fall.
Make the soil ready for seeding.
Mow the lawn and collect the clippings.
Remove dead grass by verticutting or raking. It is critical that the seed comes into contact with the soil. Verticut machines cut thin grooves in the soil to lift thatch and debris, which is then raked or mowed and bagged. For best results, go over the turf in two directions. The lawn should be seeded.
Install grass seed and a seed starter fertilizer, then top dress with fine compost, strawnet, or topsoil.
Water, water, and more water! Once the seed is wet, it is activated - IT CANNOT DRY OUT!
Water less frequently but for a longer period of time after the seed has germinated. Deep, thorough soakings promote root development.
Mow as soon as the new grass requires it and apply three applications of Winterizer.
The best time to feed your lawn is at the end of September, October, and November, and K-State recommends three feedings. Fall feeding promotes more spreading root growth with less top growth to mow.
It may take several years to get your yard to look the way you want it to. Make the best of what you have. If you only have time or resources for the front yard, do it right and work on the back yard the next year.
HOW MUCH SEED TO USE?
Bluegrass: 1# per M overseeding 2# per M bare soil
Fescue: 5# per M overseeding 10# per M bare soil
Fescue/Blue Mix: 5# per M overseeding 10# per M bare soil
Sow the seed with a Rotary or Drop Spreader for an even application.
Monthly Lawn Checklist to Keeping your Lawn Healthy
Monthly Lawn Checklist to Keeping your Lawn Healthy
March: Pre-emergent should be applied to your lawn. Barricade and FTN Solutions are the preferred pre-emergents. Barricade is a pre-emergence herbicide that provides low-rate, season-long control of 30 grass and broadleaf weeds in turf and ornamentals, including crabgrass, goosegrass, and Poa annua. The active ingredient in both Barricade and FTN Solutions pre-emergent is the same. They also keep broadleaf weeds like spurge and purslane at bay. Dimension is also an excellent preemergent that will kill very young crabgrass and prevent some broadleaf weeds for 3 to 4 months. Broadleaf weeds should be sprayed. Weeds are much easier to eradicate when they are young. To kill broadleaf weeds, use SpeedZone or Weed Free Zone.
April: If you didn't get your preemergent on in March, now is the time. Broadleaf weeds should be sprayed as soon as they appear. Both SpeedZone and Weed Free Zone are suitable for this purpose.
May: If you didn't get your preemergent on in March or April, there is still time. Because crabgrass germinated all summer, preemergent is critical. Broadleaf weeds should be sprayed. A tank sprayer comes in very handy in this situation. Each week, combine a gallon of SpeedZone or Weed Free Zone with Spreader Sticker and spray weeds for 10 to 15 minutes. Do this throughout the summer to keep weeds at bay, or use Weed Free Zone if fertilizing is required.
Mid to Late May: It's time to apply Imidacloprid or Mach II to control the grubs. Imidacloprid and Mach II are typically used only once.
Late May: It's time to fertilize in late May. This product should be slow release, such as Fertilome's Classic Lawn Food, Bradfield Alfalfa Fertilizer, or Milorganite. These are slow-release products that will feed for a long time without causing excessive top growth. If you use Bradfield, another application in July would be beneficial to your lawn.
June: It's time for Infuse: this systemic fungicide will help prevent dollar spots and brown patch in your lawn, two of Kansas City's most common disease problems. F-Stop will also aid in the control of other fungi in the yard. Apply again in 30 days. If you didn't apply Grub Control in May, you still have time. Actually, with good grub control, Grub Control can be applied until late July. Deltamethrin would also be an excellent insecticide to use right now to control fleas, ticks, and chiggers. If you didn't get it on in late May, slow release fertilizer would be ideal now. FTN Solutions or Milorganite. Broadleaf weeds and some grassy weeds should be sprayed. For nutgrass, use Sedge Hammer. Make certain to use Spreader Sticker. Nutgrass and other weeds will continue to appear throughout the summer, so keep spraying.
July: Continue to spray for weeds. If you missed the May or June deadlines, apply for FTN Solutions or Milorganite. If you haven't already, take Imidacloprid. Apply your second coat of F-Stop. We haven't yet discussed watering your lawn. Bluegrass and fescue need about an inch of water per week. Set your sprinkler, place a rain gauge, and water. Determine how long it takes to put an inch of water down and water for that amount of time each week. Water your lawn early in the morning and NEVER at night. It is preferable to water during the day rather than at night. It is also preferable to water deeply and infrequently rather than every day for 10 minutes. Watering deeply encourages deep roots in your grass and aids in disease prevention.
August: This is the month to start planning for seeding in September. Take care of all the weeds now; this is your only chance until the new grass has been mowed twice. Wait 3-4 weeks after weed spraying before applying seed. Watch out for grub damage. When you grab a clump of grass, brown areas will lift up like carpet. Dylox will be the insecticide of choice at this time. Also, late this month, spray Enviromax or Earthright to help soften the soil for verticutting your lawn for seeding. Disease could still be an issue, and Infuse is your best weapon that will not harm the seed.
September: The best month for seeding (see seeding lawns handout) and DO NOT apply any weed killer until new seeds have been mowed twice. Find a product that can provide a high dose of nitrogen, micronutrients, and a root simulator to your lawn.
October: In mid-October, lay down a winterizer. With cool air temperatures and warm soil temperatures, a winterizer's quick release nitrogen encourages thick root growth without excessive top growth.
November: In late November, apply another round of winterizer. Three applications are recommended throughout the fall season.
December: Congrats! You're done!
Natural /Organic Fertilizers we recommend: (nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium)
-Corn Gluten 9-0-0
-Chickity Doo Doo 5-3-2.5
-Natural/Organic Fungicides: Serenade-Lawn Disease Control
The Holiday cactus is a beautiful houseplant that can brighten up any room in your home. It is known for its long-lasting blooms, coming into flower during the winter months. To ensure successful growth and flowering of this plant, it should be kept away from direct sunlight as too much sun can damage the leaves and prevent flowers from blooming. Instead, the ideal spot for a holiday cactus is a south or west window with some protection from direct sun. If you want to move your plant outside during the summer months, make sure to place it in a semi-shaded area where it won’t get too much sunlight. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy the bright, colorful blooms of the holiday cactus for many years to come. Its ease of care and attractive flowers make it an ideal gift for the plant lover in your life. So why not surprise them this winter with a beautiful holiday cactus? It’s sure to bring joy all year round. With the right care and conditions, your holiday cactus will be sure to bring you joy during this festive season.
Watering is key: keep your plant moist in summer by watering when the soil is dry 2/3 of the way down the container. When fall arrives, water only enough to keep your plant from wilting. Additionally, use a well-drained potting soil and keep your holiday cactus in a brightly lit room, but out of direct sunlight. If the plant was previously overwatered or planted in an area with poor drainage, it may be at risk of root rot, which can lead to collapse of the roots. To avoid this, make sure the soil is well-draining and water only when necessary.
It is important to take extra care when propagating holiday cacti. Wilted or damaged stem segments may recover and become firm as new roots develop, but this will depend on how badly these segments were affected in the first place. The best way to propagate new plants is by breaking off healthy older branches and rooting the tops in clean sphagnum moss. Water these plants sparingly until the roots begin to form and new growth begins.
Planting fruit trees is a great way to bring some beauty and delicious bounty into your garden. Not only do you get to enjoy the visual appeal of the trees, but you can also reap the benefits of their homegrown fruits! However, before jumping right into planting fruit trees, there are a few important steps that need to be taken in order to ensure the trees have a successful start.
The first step is to select a good spot for the tree. Consider factors such as access to sunlight and water, and make sure there is enough space for the tree to grow and mature without crowding other plantings. For smaller spaces, try a berry hedge, grape vine or strawberry patch. They might be the perfect fit! Once you’ve chosen your location, it’s important to prepare the soil. Use a shovel to dig a hole at least three times as wide and twice as deep as the tree’s root ball. Refill the hole with quality compost and mix it in well with the native soil before planting your tree. It is easy to enhance your soil’s organic make up, help drainage, and break up your clay soil by adding amendments, like Nature’s Blend or Cotton Boll compost. Mix at least half compost into each hole you dig and add a couple of inches of mulch on top.
After you place your tree in the prepared hole, backfill around it with more soil and compost mixture, making sure to firm the soil down around the tree’s roots so it is securely in place. Wet and compacted soil excludes oxygen and is not good for growing fruit. Roots require oxygen, therefore, your soil must be well drained and amended! Finally, water your tree generously and apply a layer of mulch around its base to conserve moisture and protect against weeds. Adequate moisture is essential to good fruit production, and 1 inch a week during the growing season is usually just the right amount. With some proper preparation and care, you can ensure that your fruit trees have a successful start. Doing a little extra work now will pay off in the future as you enjoy fresh fruit from your own garden.
Regular pruning should also be part of your tree-care routine to ensure that it maintains its shape and produces healthy fruit. Prune back any dead or diseased branches, and thin out dense growth so light can get in and air can circulate. This will help the tree produce more fruits with less risk of disease. Additionally, you should fertilize your trees once or twice a year to keep them healthy and strong.
Care: Roses should be planted in sunny locations and spaced for adequate air circulation. We recommend well-amended soil, with CottonBoll Compost added to the existing soil. Adding Myke to the hole will increase the plant’s ability to seek out moisture and nutrients. It takes a lot of energy to produce beautiful blooms all summer long and we highly recommend feeding roses monthly with a slow release fertilizer. Many successful rose gardeners feed weekly with a diluted water soluble fertilizer.
Roses can be attractive to many plant pests as well. Thus, we suggest preventative maintenance that includes both an insecticide and a fungicide. Black Spot and Powdery Mildew are two common diseases that are much easier to prevent than cure. Insects and disease can overwinter in the beds, so it is essential that beds be cleaned in the fall and all foliage be disposed of. Do not compost rose clippings. Modern roses should be pruned in the spring. Angle your pruning cut at 45 degrees above a strong outside bud.
Overwintering: Most modern roses are grafted, meaning an attractive desired rose is attached to the root stock of a hardy, wild rose. This bud union of the graft must be protected from freezing temperatures. Experts recommend you use a rose collar and mulch to protect the graft; this must be done after the ground freezes but before the temperature gets too extreme.
Popular newer roses, like Knockouts, are not grafted and so do not need the same protection. Cut back non-grafted roses to the “body” of the plant and mulch lightly once the ground freezes. In early spring, cut back roses to 6-12”.
Hybrid Teas are the most widely grown roses in the world. The delicate blossoms are born on long, straight stems. The perfect cutting rose.
Floribundas are crosses between Hybrid Teas and Polyanthas. They are hardy, lower-growing plants with clusters of smaller flowers.
Grandifloras are crossed between Hybrid Teas and Floribundas. Long stems and flower form from the Hybrid Tea parent and hardiness and prolific from Floribunda.
Climbers don’t actually climb but have long, arching stems that can be tied to a support.
Miniatures are compact plants that are extremely hardy with perfect flower form. They are great for borders or containers.
Shrub Rose is a “catch all” category that includes many different types that tend to be carefree varieties more disease resistant than other roses. Most new varieties being developed fit into this category.
Grass has always been a major component of the prairie. But Midwestern gardeners are learning to appreciate their aesthetic qualities as seasonal interest in landscapes as ornaments. Many ornamental grasses tolerate drought, reduced fertility and fluctuating winter temperaturesIt adapts to a wide variety of soil conditions and is resistant to many pests and diseases.
Ornamental grasses vary in size, shape, color and texture. Mature plants grow from 6 inches to over 10 feet in height and grow from low hills. Stand upright like an arch. Leaf and inflorescence (flower) colors include green, gold, tan, brown, orange, red, burgundy, silver, white, and blue multicolored. Many grasses also show attractive foliage.
Ornamental grasses can be used as privacy screens, backgrounds, patterns, or in bulk plantings. They can be used either formal or naturalized landscape. There is a rustling sound and gentle movement as the leaves rustle in the wind. they also provide. Different levels of textures – often overlooked landscape features. Additionally, grasses provide valuable cover for wildlife and can play a role in food source.
Like other plants, grasses prefer well-drained soil. Dig a slightly larger hole and fill it with compost. Don't forget to use Myke and root stimulant. Place 2 to 3 inches of mulch around each plant. Give your plants a good deep drink about once a week if they don't get an inch of rain. Once established, most grasses can survive long periods of time without water.
Grasses benefit from division every 3-4 years to reduce congestion or rejuvenate prematurely dead plants. It is done in early spring before new growth begins, or in fall after the growing season. Prune grass to original height in late fall or early spring floor.
Hydrangeas are beautiful flowering shrubs that have been adored by gardeners for centuries. Native to North America and parts of Asia, these plants come in an array of sizes, shapes, and colors. They produce large, showy flowers that range from white to pink to blue depending on the soil pH. Hydrangeas are perfect for brightening up any garden with their stunning color and texture. They thrive in moist, well-draining soil and can tolerate partial shade, making them an ideal addition to any outdoor space. For best results, be sure to deadhead hydrangeas regularly and provide plenty of water and fertilizer during the summer months. With proper care, these beautiful blooms will last all season long, giving your garden an eye-catching display that is sure to impress.
No matter how you decide to use hydrangeas, they are sure to add a touch of elegance and grace to your garden. To help them thrive, here are some tips on how to care for hydrangeas:
- Select a spot in the garden with well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight. Hydrangeas prefer partial shade but still need some sun to bloom properly.
- Water regularly, making sure that the soil is moist but not soggy. Hydrangeas are particularly sensitive to drought and need consistent watering throughout the growing season.
- Feed your hydrangeas with a balanced fertilizer every two weeks or so. You can use organic compost or commercial fertilizer, just make sure it is specifically designed for hydrangeas.
- Prune away any dead, diseased or weak branches. This will help keep the plant healthy and encourage new growth.
- Deadhead old blooms once they start to fade in order to promote more flowering.
- Mulch around your hydrangeas with organic material such as bark chips or compost (manure or peat moss) to help retain moisture in the soil and protect the roots from extreme temperatures.
- Be sure to check your hydrangeas throughout the growing season and address any pest or disease problems you may come across quickly. Common pests that affect hydrangeas include aphids, mealybugs, spider mites and scale insects. Signs of disease are discolored leaves or wilting foliage.
- Water the hydrangea deeply once or twice a week or try a trickle or drip hose for 30-45 minutes once a week. This will help to keep the soil moist but not soggy. If the leaves start to droop, it is time to water.
Add some Color to your Landscape with Flowering Shrubs
Add some Color to your Landscape with Flowering Shrubs
Flowering shrubs are an excellent choice for adding beauty and structure to a garden or landscape. They come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors, making them versatile additions to any yard. Whether you’re looking for low-maintenance plants that will bloom all season long, or plants with unique foliage to add texture and interest, flowering shrubs are sure to make a statement.
Flowering shrubs can provide fragrance and color in the garden or landscape throughout the year. In spring and summer they put on their brightest show of blooms while in autumn they often offer brilliant foliage colors that can last into the winter. There are many varieties available including roses, hydrangeas, azaleas, and more. Planting a combination of different flowering shrubs in your garden or landscape can create a stunning display that will last all season long.
When it comes to caring for flowering shrubs, regular watering and pruning are key. Water plants deeply once or twice a week during dry spells, taking care not to over-water. Prune shrubs in the spring before new growth begins, removing any dead or diseased branches and shaping them as desired. Early bloomers need to be cut back immediately after blooming. Fertilizing once a year with a balanced fertilizer is also recommended for optimal health and blooms.
To encourage more blooms in some varieties of flowering shrubs, you may want to deadhead spent flowers. Simply pinch off the blooms as soon as they start to fade for continuous flowering throughout the season.
In addition to regular care, there are also a few tips to keep in mind when selecting and planting flowering shrubs. Choose plants that are suited for your climate and soil type and make sure not to plant them too deeply. For shrubs with fragrant flowers, make sure you can enjoy the scent without disturbing neighbors or other plants in your garden.
Tropical plants need more frequent watering than other houseplants. Depending on the species, you should water your tropical plant every few days to a week. Make sure the soil is completely moistened before allowing it to dry out again. It’s generally best to water from beneath, using a tray or saucer filled with enough water to saturate the soil while avoiding over-watering. If your tropical plant has been in direct sunlight, then it may need more frequent watering. Be sure to check the soil regularly to make sure it is not drying out too quickly.
When fertilizing your tropical plant, use a balanced fertilizer that is specially formulated for tropical plants. Follow the directions on the package carefully, as over-fertilizing can damage your plant. Fertilize your tropical plant once a month during its growing season, which is usually from spring to fall. Feed March-September with the Family Tree Nursery Time Release Fertilizer. You can reduce or stop fertilizing in winter when most tropical plants go dormant.
Most tropicals require at least 6 hours of direct sunlight for blooming but can handle much more. If moving tropicals outside, from inside, it is always a good idea to acclimate them slowly to the sun. They can get sunburnt!
Provide humidity for your tropical plants by misting them once a week with a water bottle or sprayer, or by placing a humidifier near the plant. Make sure to water your plants regularly, as tropical plants need moist soil to thrive. When watering, take care to avoid over- or under-watering your plant, and check for adequate drainage in the soil.
Be sure to keep an eye out for pests such as mealybugs or spider mites, which can damage tropical plants. If you spot these pests, treat the plant with a suitable insecticide as soon as possible.
Fertilize your tropical plants once a month to keep them healthy and encourage new growth. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer, diluted to half the strength suggested on the package instructions.
Finally, repot or divide your tropical plants when they become too large for their container. Choose a pot that is one to two inches larger than the current pot and fill it with fresh, well-draining soil. This will help your plants thrive and continue to grow strong.
By following these tips, you can enjoy beautiful tropical plants in your home or garden for years to come!
Ways to Keep your Clematis Happy
Ways to Keep your Clematis Happy
Where to plant. Clematis needs at least 6 hours of direct sunlight to grow well. You may have heard the saying, "Clematis likes to keep its body in the sun and its feet in the shade." of plants.
How to plant. Clematis have deep taproots, so dig a deep hole and add compost. Due to these deep roots, clematis also do not like transplants. Before digging, make sure the planting site is permanent.
Apply myke to the roots when planting and Fertilome Root Stimulator every two weeks. Fertilize twice a season with a slow-release organic fertilizer such as Plant-tone, Milorganite or Chickity-Doo-Doo.
During the growing season, water thoroughly and deeply about every 7 to 10 days.
Keep the mulch a few inches away from the crown of the plant. Too much mulch at the base can cause the trunk to rot and die.
Clematis will climb without much help, but they need to be able to wrap their vines around something. So attach chicken wire to things like wooden fences, lamps, and mailbox posts to create a good surface for the vines to climb on.
Designer Tip. Plant 2-3 varieties together. This will give you the longest show of flowers!
Trimming. Pruning clematis can be very complicated. Clematis will bloom no matter when you prune them. A general guideline is to selectively prune old dead wood in the spring and wait until the vines have flowered before pruning heavily.
Variety Pruning Guidelines Blooms on old stems:
This group of clematis flowers directly from the older stems, so pruning should be done immediately after all the flowers have finished. Prune this group immediately after flowering by removing dead or weak stems. Large, established plants over 15 feet are usually not pruned, especially if they are growing on trees. At this point all stems should be secured to the trellis or other host. A good time to prune is right after flowering, even if your clematis is no longer growing. After pruning, the plant begins new growth for the next season's buds.
Flowers on last year’s stems. Be aware that in spring the leaf buds will start to swell. Cut away any dead material on these sauce buds. Make sure all growth is tied to atrellis or something. this moment. Do not tie the knot too tightly so that the knot does not impede growth.A tight attachment can also break the stem.
Blooms later, on new growth. This group should be pruned in February or March when new leaf buds begin to appear on the plant. Any dead material on these buds should be removed at this point. At this time, also clean old leaves and leaves with powdery mildew.
Step 1: How to Plan Your Garden Planning the layout of your garden is the most important part. To achieve the desired effect, you can select from a wide range of plants. While the majority of bedding plants thrive in full sunlight, some prefer shade. When planning your flower beds, take into account the colors of the flowers as well as their final height. For cutting gardens and a backdrop, plants that are at least 18 inches tall are ideal. For the center of your beds, medium heights (9 to 16 inches) are ideal. The front of your beds should be planted with ground cover or low-growing plants (4 to 6 inches). Also take into account when you are planting. After the last chance of frost has passed, the majority of bedding plants should be put out. There are some plants that can survive in cooler environments. If you have any questions, always ask a professional.
Step 2: Getting ready for planting. Keep your plants moist and in a slightly shaded area until you are ready to plant them if you are unable to do so immediately after purchasing them.
Spread a 1" layer of compost mix, such as Nature's Blend or a mixture of peatmoss and composted manure, over your bed to prepare the soil. Then you can also add a synthetic garden fertilizer if you want to. Dig the compost and fertilizer into your soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, or rototill them. Make a smooth surface by raking the soil. Before you plant your plants, make sure you have enough space between them to achieve the look you want.
Step 3: Techniques for Planting Plants for bedding are grown in cell packs or in larger individual pots. When the soil is still moist, plants grown in cell packs should be carefully removed from their packs. As it is still young and fragile, try not to disturb it too much. Dig your hole just deep enough with a hand trowel to allow the plant to sit in the ground while maintaining the same soil level. Your tiny plants should not be "buried," as doing so could result in rotting or damping off.
Step 4: Watering. Use Root Stimulator and water to water your plants right away after they are planted to encourage healthy growth and establishment. One quart of the mix ought to be sufficient for each plant.
Check your plants daily in hot, sunny, or windy conditions. Depending on where they are in the garden, they might or might not require water. This should be done for the first week or so until your plants are established and growing. Make sure to water your plants thoroughly to a depth of 6 inches when you do so, usually once a week in cooler weather and every three to four days in hot summer months. You should never allow your plants to wilt because doing so only weakens them. Shredded bark or even compost can be utilized as mulch for your plants. Additionally, this will prevent the growth of weeds in your lovely garden.
Step 5: Care supplemental When young plants are about 6 inches tall, pinching out the tops encourages the taller varieties to produce more flowers and better branching. This pinching is rarely needed with dwarf varieties. Additionally, it is recommended to pinch off the spent or dead blooms; The plant will be encouraged to produce more blooms as a result. Before the flower heads have a chance to produce seeds, do this. Throughout the season, it is necessary to fertilize the plant again. Find the right fertilizer for your plants by consulting a professional.
The Perennial Plant Association is made up of growers, educators, retailers and landscapers all dedicated to promoting perennial plants. Each year members of the PPA nominate plants for "Perennial Plant of the Year.”
Basic Care for Keeping your Houseplants Happy and Healthy
Basic Care for Keeping your Houseplants Happy and Healthy
Houseplants come in all shapes, sizes and colors, making them a great addition to any home. However, caring for houseplants can sometimes be tricky. Here are some tips for keeping your houseplants healthy and thriving:
• Water regularly – Give your plant a thorough watering every week or two depending on the species. Make sure to water until the soil is saturated and then allow it to drain before adding more. Avoid over-watering, which can lead to root rot.
• Provide adequate light – Most houseplants need some direct sunlight each day in order to thrive. Place your plants in a spot where they’ll get at least four hours of sunlight each day. If you don’t have a spot with enough direct light, supplement with grow lights to provide the necessary spectrum of light for your plants.
• Pick the right pot – Picking the right container is key in keeping your plants healthy and thriving. Choose containers that are as close to their natural size as possible and make sure the containers have adequate drainage. Also, use a potting soil that has good water retention and one with enough nutrients for your plants.
• Fertilize regularly – Fertilizer is important for providing your houseplants with all of the essential minerals, vitamins and amino acids they need to grow healthy and strong. Generally, a slow-release fertilizer is best and you should apply it every two to four weeks depending on the type of plant.
• Monitor water needs – Overwatering or underwatering are both detrimental to your houseplants, so it's important to monitor their needs regularly. Check the soil with your finger and if it feels dry, water it. You can also use a moisture meter to help you determine when your plants need water.
• Prune as needed – Pruning helps keep your houseplants looking their best and encourages healthy growth. Prune off any dead or dying foliage and remove any spent flowers to promote new blooms.
• Check for pests – Houseplants can be susceptible to insect infestations, so you should regularly check them for any signs of pests. Common pests can include: spidermites, mealybug, fungus gnats and scale. If you find any, use a pesticide specifically designed for indoor plants to get rid of the problem and treat the houseplant(s) outside or in a garage. To prevent pests, try treating the soil with a systematic insecticide granular.
Come by Landmark and chat with one of our professionals to see what houseplant is best for you!
Basic Care Tips for Succulents
Basic Care Tips for Succulents
Succulents are easy to care for and require minimal attention. They need bright lighting, but not direct sunlight and should be placed in an area where temperatures range from 60-85 degrees Fahrenheit. Watering is the most important part of caring for succulents. They should be watered deeply at least once a week (or more during the summer months) and allowed to dry out completely before watering again. It is best to water succulents in the morning so that they are not sitting in wet soil for too long. Over-watering can cause root rot, so it’s important to be careful not to overwater your plants. Additionally, you should use a well-draining soil mix to ensure that excess water can run freely through the pot. Feeding succulents is not necessary, but if you choose to do so, use a weak liquid fertilizer every other month during the growing season. Lastly, check your succulents regularly for pests and remove any dead or dying foliage to keep them looking healthy. With the proper care and maintenance, succulents can be a beautiful addition to any home.
Succulents come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colors, so you can find one that best fits your space or aesthetic. However you choose to care for them, succulents are sure to bring life into any room! Succulents also make great gifts, as they are very low maintenance and can easily be propagated to create more plants. By following these steps and caring for your succulents properly, you’ll have healthy plants that will last for many years. Enjoy!
The tips outlined here should help you care for your succulents properly, whether you’re just starting out or have been caring for your plants for a while.
1. Choose the right pot and soil: The pot should be shallow and have drainage holes at the bottom. Fill it with well-draining succulent soil and add some perlite to help aerate the mix. Don’t use potting soil, as it won’t drain quickly enough for succulents.
2. Water thoroughly: Succulents need water but it’s important to not over-water them. For most types of succulents, you should only water when the soil is completely dry and give the plant a thorough soaking. Allow the water to drain completely and don’t leave any standing water in the pot.
3. Provide plenty of light: Most succulents need bright, direct sunlight for at least four hours a day. If you can provide more than that, your plants will thank you with beautiful blooms and lush growth! Place your succulents in an area with good airflow and away from hot or cold drafts.
4. Fertilize occasionally: Succulents need very little fertilizer, so it’s best to err on the side of caution and only fertilize every few months at most. Use a balanced slow-release fertilizer for best results.
5. Prune and propagate: Pruning is an important part of succulent care – it helps keep the plants healthy and encourages fuller growth. When you prune, you can also use the cuttings to propagate new plants! To do this, take a cutting from a healthy succulent and let it dry for several days before planting it in a new pot.
6. Watch for pests: Succulents are relatively hardy but can still suffer from various pest infestations, such as mealybugs and spider mites. If you see signs of these pests, treat the plants with an appropriate pesticide right away to keep them healthy.
7. Repot when necessary: As your succulents grow, they will need to be repotted into a larger container. When the roots have filled up the current pot, use fresh potting mix and a bigger pot to give them more room.
8. Keep an eye on water: Succulents don’t need a lot of water, but they do need regular watering to stay healthy. Water deeply when the soil is dry and then let it dry out completely before you water again.
9. Prune regularly: To keep your succulent looking its best, prune away any dead or dying leaves as soon as you see them. This will help maintain a neat shape and let more energy flow to the healthy growth.
10. Fertilize occasionally: Succulents don’t need a lot of fertilizer, but you can give them an occasional boost with a balanced liquid fertilizer in the spring and summer months. Be sure to dilute it as directed for succulents, so you don't burn them.
11. Move them indoors for winter: Succulents need a period of dormancy in the winter, so it's important to bring them indoors when temperatures start to drop and there are fewer hours of sunlight each day. This will help keep your succulent healthy and ensure they come back strong in spring!
Monthly Landscaping & Yard Care Calendar
Mulch perennials if no snow cover and not already mulched.
Check trees for wind damage and frost cracking.
Make sure you are using de-icers that are plant safe.
Look for ideas for next season and start planning for your landscaping projects.
Look for spots that need more winter interest in your landscape.
Depending on snow fall, & frozen ground temperatures, check if you can water trees if abnormally dry season
Prune dormant trees, shrubs, grapes, and berries only if necessary.
Getting rid of everything that is dead, dying, sick, or broken is the first stage in pruning plants and shrubs, followed by cleaning up the rest. Look for suckers, branches that are growing parallel to or too close to one another, and branches that cross or rub against one another. Cut side branches close to the main stem if you're removing them. If the surviving branch is left too long, disease and insect infestation might develop in the cut region.
When you prune, keep in mind that you're leaving wounds on your plant that will need to heal, which is why we recommend not pruning more than 10-25% of your plant, tree, or shrub at a time.
Summer-flowering deciduous shrubs - These are shrubs that bloom on new growth.
Random-branching conifer trees and shrubs
Deciduous perennial vines - These types of vines bloom on new growth.
Inspect house plants for insect issues.
Start planting seeds that will benefit from an early start.
Beat the rush! Call Landmark to set up a site visit & consultation with one of our expert designers.
Apply dormant spray to fruit trees, lilac, and flowering trees.
Start planning gardens and containers for the approaching growing season.
Keep snow and mulch on beds to protect tender new growth from freezing night temperatures.
Beat the rush! Call now to set up a site visit with your designer.
Clean and aerate lawn.
Apply pre-emergent in mid to late April (crabgrass and some broadleaf weeds).
Slowly uncover roses, perennials, and strawberries.
Apply preen around new trees, bushes, roses, and perennials.
Time for spraying for borers and pine diseases.
Begin planting trees, shrubs, perennials, flowers and vines once soil can be worked
Re-mulch beds to prevent weeds and soil drying out.
Seed new lawn areas or repair bare spots.
Fertilize woody plants such as shrubs and trees with a slow-release fertilizer.
Trim hedges and summer blooming shrubs before new growth emerges.
Plant cool season annuals and vegetables.
Divide and replant summer blooming perennials.
Once snow has melted and temps start to rise cut back old perennials.
Apply post- emergent herbicide to lawn (broadleaf weeds).
Plant annuals and gardens.
Prune junipers, yews, flowering shrubs after flowering.
Start fruit tree spray schedule.
Start fungicide spray on roses.
Prune spring blooming shrubs immediately after blooming.
Remove excess debris that collect over time.
If you haven’t yet fertilize woody plants like trees with slow release fertilizer.
Plant spring bulbs and tubers.
Transplant any perennials.
Install new beds and amend soil.
Pinch back mums and annuals.
Apply Fungicides (Scotts Disease Control or Bayleton) for fusarium prevention in lawn (last week of June or the first week of July).
Water lawns deeply 1” per week.
Watch for insects in roses, flowers, and vegetables. Use sprays appropriate for insects.
Continue regular watering for newly planted material and supplement watering as needed for established plantings.
Weed regularly to keep on top of them.
Continue pruning as needed.
Trim hedge plants to shape as needed.
Prune most evergreens mid- June.
Re-Mulch any beds that still need it.
Treat black spot in roses.
DON’T apply Nitrogen to lawns (cause diseases).
Watch for grub damage.
Water new plantings if rainfall is insufficient.
Apply insecticide mid-July for white grab prevention.
Continue to deadhead plants.
Bring outdoors in! Cut flowers that can be enjoyed indoors.
Continue to weed your beds.
Continue to water plants as they get established.
Contact a Landmark Landscaping designer for fall projects.
Water new plantings if rainfall is insufficient.
Late August: divide iris, peonies, and fall bulbs.
Insect control needed in roses, flowers, and vegetables.
Reduce fertilizer on perennials, shrubs, and trees. This allows them to prepare for dormancy.
Divide spring blooming perennials.
This is the best time of the year to seed grasses.
Move indoor plant to shadier locations if outdoors.
Check for insects on plants as you move them indoors.
Continue regular watering of perennials, shrubs, and trees planted this growing season.
Don’t prune plants that are susceptible to Rust.
Show off you landscape and share picture to your Facebook page.
Continue your harvest of fruit, vegetables, or flowers.
Needle drop on evergreens will begin and go through October.
Plan for plantings of spring blooming bulbs.
Continue to deadhead to encourage blooming.
Fall grass seeding time continued
Spray 2, 4-D for dandelions.
Plant trees, shrubs, evergreens, perennials, peonies, and iris.
Plant Fall bulbs for spring bloom.
Dig frost- tender bulbs after a hard frost.
Relace tired annuals with fall planter arrangements.
Determine landscape areas lacking color.
Don’t forget to continue watering and weeding.
Complete fall bulb plantings.
Amend soil so it is ready for spring.
Water until the ground freezes.
Apply winter mulch to keep everything protected.
Rake leaves to minimize lawn disease.
Remove dead annuals and get ready to replace with winter arrangements.
Remember to water if rainfall is insufficient.
Re-wrap tender tree trucks to protect from rabbit damage and sun scald.
Mulch Roses 4-6” deep.
Clean and put away tools for next year.
Remove garden debris to have ready for spring.
Continue to water until ground is frozen.
Begin dormant pruning of ornamentals, fruit trees, oaks, and elms.
Install winter container designs.
Mulch roses and perennials, cut back only far enough to prevent wind damage.
Water if insufficient moisture and ground is not frozen
Make sure as the snow gets higher that the trees guards are high enough to protect from pest damage.
Gently remove heavy snow loads off branches.
Clean indoor house plants.
How to Care for New Plantings and Trees in Nebraska
This is the most crucial part when you have planted a tree, shrub, or perennial. The question of how much water needs to be applied needs to be addressed. The amount of water needed depends on the plant you have and the time of year it is planted. Spring plantings where temperatures are cooler and rains more plentiful require less than summer plantings when temps are hotter and rains less frequently. Fall plantings are similar to spring in temperatures with the potential for fewer rains. The volume of foliage (leaves) will influence water needs as well. Example: A tree will need more water than a small perennial. Most newly installed plants require at least an inch of either rainfall or supplemental water each week. Weather conditions affect the rate of water consumption of plants as well. Hot, windy, summer days dry out plants quicker than calm, cooler, shady days. It takes roughly 8 weeks for a plant’s roots to reestablish in the soil. Once they start to develop new growth that is a good sign that they are rooting in. Back off watering after this occurs but continue to monitor them. This is the golden rule for new plantings, water deeply but infrequently. Light, infrequent watering’s encouraging shallow root growth, whereas infrequent deep watering’s encourage deep root growth. Remember roots seek out areas where the moisture resides. Correct watering methods will encourage your new plants to develop robust deep root systems and increase their drought tolerance. Talk to our wonderful staff if you have additional questions as to your plant’s needs.
Trees need water to survive. The small moisture-absorbing roots will get damaged during planting, resulting in transplant stress. Keep in mind, newly planted trees need to be kept moist but not to the point of being saturated. They will need to be monitored weekly to ensure the root ball does not dry out. The outer band of the root ball will need to be watered to encourage root growth out into the existing soil. Some sites may have been compacted from construction leading to poorly drained soils. In these situations, trees should not exceed 1 inch of water per week. If the tree gets more water than this, it will get over watered. A good rule of thumb is to water no more than 2-3 times a week. As an easy gage for watering, we like to say a minimum of 5 gallons per week on potted trees (15-gallon pot size or smaller) and a minimum of 10 gallons on larger balled and burlaped trees (3” to 1.5” caliper in size). Supplemental water may not be required during the rainy seasons. However, it will need to be increased in the summertime i.e. June, July, and August; they most likely will need more than 1 inch of water to establish. Repeat this routine throughout the growing season. The simplest way to check if your tree needs water is to pull the mulch back from the trunk and pick up a portion of the soil. Compress the soil and make a ball. If the soil is very sticky, it is too wet and will have to dry out for a few days. If the soil is dry, it will not form a ball. The correct amount of moisture allows for a ball that is not sticky. When you are ready to water, there are a few ways you can do so: Option A: Water with a garden hose on trickle for 30 minutes. Option B: fill 5-gallon buckets as described above. Option C: Fill up 20-gallon self-watering bag which is available for purchase at the garden center.
The leading cause of death in trees is overwatering. This occurs most often in irrigated lawns with automatic sprinklers. Be aware that your turf requires more water than the tree itself. So that is why you cannot water your lawn every day. Back the timer off to no more than 2-3 times a week. Going into winter it is wise to give your new trees a deep watering. Trees should go dormant with a moist root ball to protect the root system through the winter.
PERENNIALS & SHRUBS
Perennials and shrubs will require less water than trees do. New plants need to be watered a minimum of twice a week or every four to seven days. Be sure to allow for them to dry out a little between watering. But be careful to water accordingly on hot days. The amount of water varies on the type of plant you have. Example: Hydrangeas will take a lot more water compared to a drought-tolerant sedum. Large leaves dry out quicker than small leaves. Plants with leaves tend to dry out quicker than evergreens with needles. Once your plants have made it through the first year you can reduce the amount of supplemental water you give them. Continue to monitor your plants, severe temperatures, and or droughts that can place even established plants under undue stress.